TAX 211: Nigerian Legal System 1

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course, student should be able to:

  1. state the meaning of law, nature and function of law and its classifications;
  2. identify the kinds of justice, law and morality, criminal and civil procedure;
  3. explain judicial precedent and hierarchies of courts.;
  4. determine the sources of law; and
  5. distinguish between criminal and civil matters.
Course Contents

Definitions. Law and morality of Law. Natures and functions of law. Classification of law Kinds of justice, Description of criminal and civil procedures. Substantive and procedure laws. Freedom, law and safety, law and legitimacy, law and sovereignty. Legal reasoning, in judicial process. Judicial precedent and hierarchies of courts, customary courts, district, Magistrate, Federal High Court, High Court, court of Appeal and Supreme Court.

Interpretation of statutes, vagueness, ambiguity, etc Sources of Law: Primary Sources: (1) Statutory materials, judicial materials, subsidiary legislation (ii) Secondary Sources: books, pamphlets, letters speech, interviews etc. and use of sources materials. Methods of Social Controls through law- panel methods, grievance/remedial methods, private arranging methods. Constitutive Methods, Administrative/Regulation Method, Fiscal Methods, Conferral of Social benefits Methods.